Chaos theory is a field of study in math, with applications including physics, engineering, economics, biology.
Chaos theory shows that the results of dynamic systems can be seriously effected by initial conditions. (Also known as the butterfly effect.) Ex, if you made a rounding error with the numbers, it would create a COMPLETELY different answer in your solution. This makes it near impossible to make long-term predictions.
This happens even though the future behavior of these systems is fully determined by their initial conditions, with no random elements.
It has sensitivity to initial conditions, which means that one point can be close to other points but yield a completely different outcome.
Ferns, clouds, mountains, etc., may be created using the chaos game. The circulatory and bronchial systems fit a fractal models. The chaos theory can accurately describe many aspects of nature.
Have you ever thought, wow, the weather can be very random at times? The weather can be COMPLETELY changed by the slightest thing that occurs; making it hard for us to make predictions.
Chaotic behavior has been observed in electrical circuits, lasers, oscillating chemical reactions, fluid dynamics, and mechanical and magneto-mechanical devices, as well as computer models of chaotic processes. In nature, examples include changes in weather, the dynamics of satellites in the solar system, the time evolution of the magnetic field of celestial bodies, population growth, action potentials in neurons, and molecular vibrations. There is some controversy over the existence of chaotic dynamics in plate tectonics and in economics. ( Even though I personally think there is.)
Neil DeGrasse Tyson: “No. The human mind, forged on the plains of Africa in search of food, sex, and shelter, is helpless in the face of infinity.
Therein is the barrier to learning calculus for most people — where infinities pop up often. The best you can do is simply grow accustomed to the concept. Which is not the same as understanding it.
And when you are ready, consider that some infinities are larger than others. For example, there are more fractions than there are counting numbers, yet they are both infinite. Just a thought to delay your sleep this evening.”
“Einstein is the only figure in the physical sciences with a stature that can be compared with Newton. Newton is reported to have said “If I have seen further than other men, it is because I stood on the shoulders of giants.” This remark is even more true of Einstein who stood on the shoulders of Newton. Both Newton and Einstein put forward a theory of mechanics and a theory of gravity but Einstein was able to base General Relativity on the mathematical theory of curved spaces that had been constructed by Riemann while Newton had to develop his own mathematical machinery. It is therefore appropriate to acclaim Newton as the greatest figure in mathematical physics and the Principia is his greatest achievement.”—Stephen Hawking (via crookedindifference)
“The press still thinks [global warming] is controversial. So they find the 1% of the scientists and put them up as if they’re 50% of the research results. You in the public would have no idea that this is basically a done deal and that we’re on to other problems, because the journalists are trying to give it a 50/50 story. It’s not a 50/50 story. It’s not. Period.”—Neil deGrasse Tyson, podcast interview (via dionthesocialist)
So I went to Kentucky this week to see some horses, get some sun, and for a general change of scenery. On this trip, the lovely Kahn Artist and I decided we would visit the Creation Museum. She had already been, but encouraged me to go, despite my apprehensions about my ability to keep quiet in a security-controlled environment specifically designed to keep those of our ilk out. But, I bit the bullet, and we spent the money to get it.
Oh boy, was I ever angry by the time we got out.
The first thing you’re greeted with is a huge set-piece showing two paleontologists working at a dig site. One scientist says, and I’m para-quoting, “this animal died millions of years ago, before being buried under layers of sediment and fossilized.” Then, another scientist says, “I think the global flood did it all instantly, 4000 years ago. Same evidence, different conclusions! God did it!”
Seriously. And that’s it. That’s all. The patron is expected to simply take for granted that the theological point of view is the correct one simply because it’s theological. There’s no debate, there’s nothing. The creationist paleontologist just kind of rolls his eyes and smiles at the other paleontologist as if to say “look at this silly dude and his conclusions that don’t involve god. What a dummy.”
As we progressed, we came across the Adam and Eve exhibit. Here are some shots.
I can’t even describe how wrong so much of this is. In the first picture, he’s attempting to feed what looks like a small, predatory cat. In the second picture that’s an early human living peacefully with an immature vegetarian Tyrannosaur. I can’t make this shit up, folks. They stated that, in the garden of Eden, no animals were carnivorous, and therefore could live together in harmony.
The third picture demonstrates a non-so-subtle bash at homosexuality, and also mocking the idea that humans are animals and evolved from them.
Shortly after, we came to the dinosaur exhibit, which made me rage even more.
An inaccurate model of Deinonychus, shows larger-than-actual size, inaccurate proportions, inaccurate forelimb structure, and a lack of feathers.
This description of a stegosaurus showing, blatantly inaccurately, that the sediment layers it was found in date to ~2348 BC. This is about 150 million years off the actual dating. At least they got the location right.
That was all I really got from the dinosaur exhibit that I really felt to be decent, as all of the other “no, fossils can’t be old because Jesus” reasoning.
What truly made me rage was the part about evolution through natural selection. Here are pictures and explanations from that.
While this is semantically correct, it’s still very misleading. Throughout the “museum,” they attempt to argue this point, but, as the following pictures will show, do so with circular reasoning. What they don’t understand is that, without natural selection, there is no evolution. Also, when natural selection is present, evolution must come of it. You can’t have one without the other, folks.
What they don’t understand about this diagram is that it accurately conveys evolution through natural selection. They then try to say at the bottom, saying that it would take too long for a species to evolve in this fashion (in a 6000 year time span, yes, but not over billions of years like what actually happened), and that God then granted them tools in which to “change rapidly.” Again, this would still be evolution through natural selection. Regardless of how it was initiated.
Again, they use circular reasoning to explain the evolution of dog species by saying that God built the variety into their… well… genetics, I suppose. It’s never explicitly stated what exactly the variety was built into. Again, this is ironic in that it shows evolution through natural selection, as all dog breeds are technically different species of canids.
Again, more of this “God infused variety” (into what, where?) nonsense. Though this time, they go as far as to make the baldly inaccurate claim that billions of years isn’t enough to produce this much variety. Where they’re getting this information, and what evidence they are using to support it, I have no idea. Oh wait, because Jesus.
Here, they use dragon legends and crocodilians as “reasonable evidence” for the idea that humans cohabitated with dinosaurs. Because Jesus.
Now. I left out a part in which they state that “belief” in natural selection is the reason racism exists. I became so frustrated and upset at this point, that I had to walk away. To say that natural selection is the reason that racism, genocide, and war exists is an egregious and flagrant piece of hateful madness that I cannot begin to comprehend. Especially in the face of all of the death, war, and murder that was in the name of God over the centuries.
One last piece of misinformation before I close this up.
Ash Cloud: They basically said that “because ashes can cool the Earth, it’s plain to see that The Flood caused the Ice Age. Derp Lava Dome: What? What the hell? There is no such discrepancy in K-Ar dating. It’s especially ideal for newly formed lava crusts. Canyons: Again, what? Where are you getting this information?
AS with the rest of the “museums” exhibits, the geology section was plagued with circular reasoning and it’s explanations are “no, because Jesus” at best.
This is a motherfucking travesty of science and education. Not to mention that everything here is not-so-subtly designed to show science as an overly complicated system (often by using large, complicated trees and formulas) and then comparing it to the “simple and elegant” creationist system (often by using vivid pictures, colorful imagery, and bold, straight lines). It’s intellectually dishonest, and catered toward children.
This “museum” is one of the most disgusting things I’ve ever seen in my life. That it exists, and that I’ve actually seen it, tore away a major part of my hope for the future, and replaced it with yet another cynicism.